Brazil is the largest country in South America and this is also reflected in its biodiversity. The largest rainforest in the world is the Amazon, of which 60% is in Brazil. This rich and complex ecosystem is home to at least 30% of Earth’s species. This gigantic rainforest is also largely responsible for the health of our planet (often referred to as the Lungs of the World) by its ability to digest and convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. In 2012, the DWA supported a Population dynamics study for the Amazon manatee in the Manaus area in the state of Amazonas, carried out by personnel of the Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas (IPÊ). Starting in 2014, the DWA will support a Jaguar radio satellite tracking project in El Pantanal region, to better understand their home range/territory and interactions with human activities.