Montezuma-quail
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:
Family:
Genus:Cyrtonyx
Species:montezumae

Of the six species of quail found in the US, this species has the smallest range within our borders, restricted to West Texas, southern New Mexico and Arizona. It is found widely throughout Mexico, however, and was well known to the Aztecs, who named towns after it and illustrated it in their codeces. It favors oak woodlands, which have decreased due to cattle grazing. Also known as the Harlequin quail, it has long been prized by bird keepers and has never been common in captivity.